Sandeep Anand

I am a Mechanical Engineer with more than ten years of work experience in the field of welding and NDT.

Welding Procedure Specification (WPS)

A welding procedure specification (WPS) is a written document providing direction to the welder (or welding operator). It contains all the necessary parameters viz. joints, base metals, filler metals, positions, preheat, PWHT, gas etc. (including ranges, if any) under which the welding process must be performed. These parameters are known as variables (as per ASME …

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Hydrotest

Hydrotest a kind of pressure test in which the component being tested is filled completely with water or another liquid. Pressure, if required, is then applied to the liquid for the required time and the outside of the component is examined visually for leaks. Let us see, how the test from planning through execution is …

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ASME Codes and Standards – A summary

Sections of ASME Boiler and Pressure vessel Codes (BPVC) The following list includes some of the most widely used Boiler and Pressure Vessel codes (BPVC) prepared and published by ASME. Section I……………………Rules for construction of Power Boilers Section II…………………..Materials Part A. Ferrous Material Specifications Part B. Nonferrous Material Specifications Part C. Specifications for Welding, Rods, Electrodes …

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Welding Defects

Any irregularity (discontinuity or flaw) in the weld metal, which exceeds the applicable code limit, is termed as a WELD DEFECT (or Welding Defect). Please note that a discontinuity can be termed as a defect only when, if it exceeds the specified code limit, hence we can say that every defect present in a weld metal is …

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Development Of Radiography Film

About radiography films: Radiography films are primarily made up of two things; 1. Base 2. Emulsion Base: Base is a transparent, flexible blue tinted object, usually made from a clear and flexible plastic such as cellulose acetate. It provides physical support to emulsion and does not participate in the image-forming process. It is not sensitive …

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Radiography Testing

Radiography testing (RT) is one of the most widely used non destructive test (NDT) method. With the help of this method we can detect hidden flaws or discontinuities present in welds such as cracks, porosity & blow holes, slag, flux or oxide inclusions, lack of fusion, incomplete penetration, Mismatch and tungsten inclusion etc. Short wavelength …

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Preparatory Questions (Set – 6)

1.  Which of the following processes joins metals plastically? Friction welding Resistance welding Plasma welding None of the above 2.    In submerged arc welding, excessive arc voltage may cause? Excessive penetration Change in weld metal composition Narrow weld width All of the above 3.   In a tensile test, a brittle material would be indicated …

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