Magnetic Particle Testing

Magnetic Particle Testing (MT) (also known as magnetic particle inspection – MPI) is a non destructive test (NDT) method, used to detect surface or subsurface (near to surface) discontinuities. This NDT method can be used on metals which can be easily magnetized (ferromagnetic). Metals can be classified as ferromagnetic, paramagnetic, or diamagnetic. Ferromagnetic metals: Ferromagnetic metals are those, which are strongly attracted to a magnet and can be easily magnetized…..

(UT) Ultrasonic Test Basics

High frequency sound waves (frequency > 20000 HZ) also known as ultrasonic waves are introduced in a test object through a probe, these waves travel through the material on a predictable path. The waves are reflected at interfaces or other interruptions or discontinuity. The reflected waves are detected and then analysed for the possibility of any discontinuity in the test object. Sound beam is emitted through a probe. The probe….

Angle Probe Calculation for UT

SELECTION OF PROBE ANGLE: There are three methods for selecting a probe angle, these are: Based on groove angle:             Probe Angle (Ø) = 90 – α/2 Where, α – Groove angle and Ø- Probe Angle As per AWS: 0 – 30 mm Thickness – 700 Probe 30 – 40 mm Thickness – 600 Probe > 40 mm Thickness – 450 Probe As per approved procedure:….

Visual Inspection of Weld Joints

Visual examination of weld joint is an important activity, carried out to check the integrity and soundness of the weldment. It is an economical activity, as it doesn’t require any costly equipment. It must be carried out by a well experienced inspector. Main responsibilities of a welding inspector are: Code compliance Workmanship control Documentation Control The requirements of visual examination are: Illumination should be at least 350 Lux (minimum) but….

Development Of Radiography Film

About radiography films: Radiography films are primarily made up of two things; 1. Base 2. Emulsion Base: Base is a transparent, flexible blue tinted object, usually made from a clear and flexible plastic such as cellulose acetate. It provides physical support to emulsion and does not participate in the image-forming process. It is not sensitive to radiation, nor can it record an image. Emulsion: Emulsion consists of gelatin which consists of….

Radiography Test (RT)

Radiography testing (RT) is one of the most widely used non destructive test (NDT) method. With the help of this method we can detect hidden flaws or discontinuities present in welds such as cracks, porosity & blow holes, slag, flux or oxide inclusions, lack of fusion, incomplete penetration, Mismatch and tungsten inclusion etc. Short wavelength electromagnetic radiations such as X-rays or Gamma rays (γ) are used for Radiography testing. Both….

Dye Penetrant Test (DPT, LPI, PT) – Non Destructive Test

Dye Penetrant Test (DPT) is also known as Liquid Penetrant Inspection (LPI) or Penetrant Test (PT). It is one of the most widely used Non Destructive Test (NDT) methods. It can be used to inspect almost all non-porous materials such as metals, plastics, ceramics etc. We can detect any surface discontinuity (or flaw) such as surface cracks, porosity, pinholes etc. by this test method. Principle: DPT is based upon a natural….

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