Welding Positions

Plate Welding Positions

For plate welding we have four different positions namely;

  1. Flat position (1G or 1F)
  2. Horizontal Position (2G or 2F)
  3. Vertical Position (3G or 3F)
  4. Overhead Position (4G or 4F)

Note: 1. G Designates groove welding (V-groove, J-groove, U-groove etc.)
        2. F Designates fillet welds (“T” – Joint, Lap Joint etc.)

FLAT WELDING POSITION (1G OR 1F)

In flat welding the welders head remains above the test coupon.

HORIZONTAL WELDING POSITION (2G OR 2F)

In horizontal weld position, movement of electrode shall be in horizontal plane. We have two different welding techniques in horizontal welding, these are;

  1. Rightward technique
  2. Leftward Technique

VERTICAL WELDING POSITION (3G OR 3F)

In vertical weld position, movement of electrode shall be in vertical plane. We have two different welding methods in vertical welding, these are;

  1. Uphill
  2. Downhill

OVERHEAD WELDING POSITION (4G OR 4F)

Overhead position is one of the most difficult positions because welder has to work against the gravity. In overhead welding, the test coupon (or workpiece) remains above the head of the welder)

Pipe Welding Positions

In pipe grove welding, we have four positions;

  1. 1G (Rotated)
  2. 2G
  3. 5G
  4. 6G (Inclined at 450)

In pipe fillet welding, we have five positions;

  1. 1F (Rotated)
  2. 2F
  3. 2FR (Rotated)
  4. 4F
  5. 5F

Stud Welding Positions

In stud welds, we have five positions, namely;

  1. 1S
  2. 2S
  3. 4S

 

Watch the below video for a live demonstration of different weld positions

4 comments

    1. Dear Mr. Imran Khan
      Thank you for visiting my website. I am planning to upload videos and articles related to Pipe welding and stud welding positions as well as Procedure for writing WPS, steps to be followed for PQR, Heat treatment, complete details of some of the most popular welding processes etc. It will take around 2 to 3 months, please keep in touch for the updates
      Regards
      sandeep Anand

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