Welding Processes

Aluminum and aluminum alloys

Aluminum and aluminum alloys

Introduction: Aluminum is found on the earth in its oxidized form known as Bauxite. Bauxite is refined to produce Alumina (Aluminium Oxide – Al2O3). Approximately 40% – 60% Alumina i.e. Aluminium Oxide (Al2O3) can be extracted from Bauxite. The Hall-Héroult electrolysis process (invented in 1886) further processes Alumina (Aluminum Oxide-Al2O3) to separate it from oxygen. …

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Plasma Arc Welding (PAW)

Plasma arc welding (PAW) is an arc welding process in which the heat required for welding is generated by a constricted arc between a non-consumable electrode and the workpiece. Plasma Arc Welding is essentially an extension of Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW). Like GTAW, a non-consumable electrode is used in Plasma Arc Welding (PAW). However, …

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(OFW) Oxy-Fuel Welding (Gas Welding/Oxy-Acetylene Welding)

Oxy-fuel welding (OFW) is also known as Gas welding or Oxy-fuel gas welding. The term ‘Oxy-fuel’ is used to denote a combination of Oxygen and a Fuel gas, means it’s a process in which Oxygen and a fuel (combustible gas) both are required. Most commonly used fuel gas is Acetylene and thus the name Oxy-Acetylene …

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(SAW) Submerged Arc Welding

Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) is an arc welding process in which arc is generated between a bare electrode and the workpiece. The arc and the molten weld pool are submerged in a blanket of granular fusible flux on the workpiece. Flux covers the arc and prevents fumes, sparks, spatter, and intense ultra violet radiation from …

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(FCAW) Flux Cored Arc Welding

Flux cored arc welding (FCAW) is a welding process that uses the heat produced by an arc generated between a continuous tubular filler metal (electrode) and the work piece. The filler metal is hollow with flux at the core. Flux present at the core of the filler metal shields the molten weld pool from atmospheric …

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Types Of Welding – Classification of welding processes

Welding is a process of permanently joining two parts by the application of heat and (or) pressure. Filler metal may be added to the joint depending on the welding process and the type of joint. The American Welding Society (AWS) has recognized more than 50 different types of welding processes, some of them are very …

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