Ultrasonic Testing – UT (NDT) Questions and Answers for Level III and II exams

Q1. Which of the following factors can affect the accuracy of flaw detection in UT: Beam divergence Surface roughness Frequency of the ultrasonic waves All of the above (Explanation: Ultrasonic flaw detection in UT depends on several factors, with frequency selection being the most prominent. However, other factors also play a crucial role in achieving […]

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Question Answers on Welding for CSWIP 3.1 and AWS CWI Exams

Q1) When considering the MIG/MAG welding process which of the following metal transfer modes would be the most suited to the welding of thick plates over 25mm, flat welding position? Dip transfer Pulse transfer Spray transfer Globular transfer (Explanation: Spray transfer is often preferred for welding thick plates in the flat position due to its

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Question Answers on Welding for CSWIP 3.1 and AWS CWI Exams

Q1. Which of the following welding processes would give the highest heat input when using typical parameters? Tungsten Inert Gas welding Manual Metal Arc welding Submerged Arc welding Metal Active Gas welding (Explanation: The continuous feeding of the electrode and the use of granular flux contribute to sustained and intense heat, making SAW effective for

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Welding Q&A: Clear Explanations

Question Answers on Welding for CSWIP 3.1 and AWS CWI Exams.

Check Out 20 Must-Know Questions for CSWIP 3.1, AWS CWI Exams, and Job Interviews! These questions are discussed with clear and perfect explanations for welding inspectors, QA/QC Engineers, and CSWIP 3.1 welding inspector exam preparations.   Q1. Which welding process utilizes a non consumable electrode? SAW MMA TIG MIG (Explanation: In TIG welding, a tungsten

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Weld defect acceptance criteria thumbnail

Weld defect acceptance/rejection criteria as per ASME B31.1 Power Piping

The weld defect acceptance/rejection criteria are given in Chapter VI (Inspection, Examination, and Testing) of the ASME B31.1 – 2022 Power Piping Code. Chapter VI of ASME B31.1 contains the qualification of NDE Personnel and the acceptance/rejection criteria for the weld defects by the following examination methods; Visual Examination (Para 136.4.2) Magnetic Particle Examination (Para

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ASME Material Specification & Grades

ASME Material Specification and Grades for Pipes, Tubes, Forgings, Castings, Fittings, Valves, Nuts and Bolts

For the complete identity of a material we need two things; Material Specification  Material Grade For Example, In SA 106 Gr.B the “SA106” is the material specification, and “Gr.B” is the grade of the material. Please note that for a particular specification there may be more than one grade. For example, SA106 has three grades

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ASTM A 36 STEEL

ASTM A 36 Steel – Mechanical & Chemical Properties and Equivalent Steel Grades

ASTM A 36 or SA 36 is basically carbon steel of structural quality which is widely used in industries. It is also known as Carbon Structural Steel. ASTM A 36 is readily available in the following product form; Plates Bars Shapes (beams, channels, angles, etc.)   In this article following topics will be covered; 1.

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KNUCKLE JOINT ASSEMBLED

Knuckle Joints

WHAT IS A KNUCKLE JOINT? A knuckle joint is a type of mechanical joint used to join two components that are loaded under tensile load. One has a fork with holes on either side, forming a double eye, while the other component has a Single eye. The single eye is inserted between double eyes so

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Valve Terms Glossary

Glossary of Valve Terms

The commonly used terms and definitions related to valves is given below; Actual pressure drop: The difference between the inlet pressure and the outlet pressure of a valve. Actuator: A device used to open/close or control the valve. Key types include electrical, hydraulic, and pneumatic. Movement may be quarter-turn or multi-turn. Actuator stem: A rod

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Aluminum and aluminum alloys

Aluminum and aluminum alloys

Introduction: Aluminum is found on the earth in its oxidized form known as Bauxite. Bauxite is refined to produce Alumina (Aluminium Oxide – Al2O3). Approximately 40% – 60% Alumina i.e. Aluminium Oxide (Al2O3) can be extracted from Bauxite. The Hall-Héroult electrolysis process (invented in 1886) further processes Alumina (Aluminum Oxide-Al2O3) to separate it from oxygen.

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low hydrogen welding electrodes

Low Hydrogen Electrodes

Low Hydrogen electrodes are very popular in the industries because of the following reasons; Ability to produce X-ray quality welds Good weld bead appearance Ability to weld thicker material with high deposition rates Less susceptible to failures and cracks especially Hydrogen Induced Cracks Sound weld metal properties with good toughness A smooth, stable and quiet

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stainless steel welding

What is stainless steel

This article covers the following topics/questions; What is stainless steel? Types of stainless steel. Is stainless steel magnetic? Stainless steel welding and weldability. How to select the welding rod or filler wire? we will start this article with the first topic/question i.e what is stainless steel? WHAT IS STAINLESS STEEL? Stainless steels (SS) are essentially

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underwater welding

Underwater Welding

Underwater welding is used for repairing ships, offshore structures including oil drilling rigs, and pipelines that are submerged in water. Taking out the damaged components from the sea for repair purposes is a costly and time-consuming task. Hence, to save time and money, underwater welding is preferred for the repair works (wherever possible) Russian metallurgist

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Basics of heat treatment part 1

Basics of Heat Treatment for Metallic Material (Part-1)

Scope: In this article fundamentals of heat treatment will be discussed briefly mainly related to the “base material” of welded construction (metallic material) meant for industrial application. In Part-0, we had discussed the basics from a theory point of view generally taught in engineering colleges (Click here to read Part – 0). In the present

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How to select welding electrodes

How to select welding electrodes

The selection of right welding electrodes is a quite challenging job because we need to consider many factors while choosing the best alternative. In this article, we will discuss the various factors responsible for choosing the right welding electrode for the Shielded Metal Arc welding Process (SMAW) for Carbon steels. The Shielded metal arc welding

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How To Make Weld Map, Shop Weld Plan, WPS, PQR & WPQ for A Static Pressure Vessel (Part-3)

Scope: In part-2, of this article, we had discussed the sequence to be used for qualification of procedure (PQR) which needs to be approved by customer/client/TPI. (Please click here to read that article) Now we shall proceed for performance (welder) qualification i.e Welder performance qualification – WPQ or welder qualification test – WQT (which will

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How To Make Weld Map, Shop Weld Plan, WPS, PQR & WPQ for A Static Pressure Vessel (Part-2)

Scope: In part-1 (Click here to read), of this article, we had discussed about the preparation and approval of the weld map, shop weld plan, and proposed welder list which needs to be submitted for the consent of the customer/client/TPI. In this article, we shall discuss the steps required for PQR qualification. In general, the

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