Sandeep Anand

I am a Mechanical Engineer with more than ten years of work experience in the field of welding and NDT.

Preparatory Questions (Set – 2)

1. Stress relieving is not helpful in which of the following cases? Softening the steel Lowering the peak residual stress Improving resistance to stress corrosion cracking Improving dimensional stability after machining 2. Stray arcing may be regarded as a serious defect because: It may reduce the thickness dimension of a component It may cause liquation …

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Welding Symbols (Part -1)

Welding symbols are a set of information conveyed by the design department to the welding Engineer and the welding operator. It contains all the necessary information viz. welding position, dimensions and geometry of the weld, details of groove/fillet, welding process, etc. A basic weld symbol consists of three parts namely; Arrow Line Reference Line Tail …

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Types of weld joints

The American Welding Society defines a joint as “the manner in which materials fit together.” there are five basic types of weld joints: • Butt joint. • T-joint. • Lap joint. • Corner joint. • Edge joint. 1. Butt joint: Butt joints are end to end joint, in which the parts lie in the same …

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TIG Welding (GTAW) Electrodes

In GTAW (Gas Tungsten Arc Welding) also known as TIG welding (Tungsten Inert Gas welding), a non consumable electrode (made up of Tungsten) is used. Tungsten is preferred due to high its high melting point (approximately 3,4100C) and high hardness. Either pure tungsten is used as electrode or it can be alloyed with other elements. …

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Welding Positions

This article is about different welding positions used in Plate Welding, Pipe Welding & Stud Welding. Plate Welding Positions In plate welding, we have four different positions namely; Flat position (1G or 1F) Horizontal Position (2G or 2F) Vertical Position (3G or 3F) Overhead Position (4G or 4F) Note: 1. G Designates groove welding (V-groove, …

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welding electrodes

Welding electrodes – Understanding the SMAW electrode symbols

Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) electrodes are designated by “E” followed by four (or five) digits for example: E7018, E6013 or E10018. I will explain the meaning of these symbols: IF THE ELECTRODE HAS “E” FOLLOWED BY FOUR DIGITS (FOR EX. E7018) E – Stands for electrode XX – First two digits designates the minimum …

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Types Of Welding – Classification of welding processes

Welding is a process of permanently joining two parts by the application of heat and (or) pressure. Filler metal may be added to the joint depending on the welding process and the type of joint. The American Welding Society (AWS) has recognized more than 50 different types of welding processes, some of them are very …

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liquid penetrant inspection

Dye Penetrant Test (DPT, LPI, PT) – Non Destructive Test

Dye Penetrant Test (DPT) is one of the most inexpensive non-destructive test (NDT) methods, used to check the surface irregularities of any component. This test method is popular by many names, which are as follows; Liquid Penetrant Inspection (LPI) Liquid Penetrant testing or Liquid Penetrant test (LPT) Penetrant Test or Penetrant Testing (PT) The liquid …

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welder qualification test

Welder Qualification Test (Performance Qualification)

Welder Performance Qualification (WPQ) is also known as Welder Qualification Test (WQT) or Performance Qualification. It is a very basic but one of the most important steps before assigning a job to the welder. The welder qualification test (WQT) is performed to determine the skill of a welder, in other words, we can say that …

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